India Vs China Power Comparison: Army, Air Force, Navy Comparison

India and China are the two largest Asian Countries. Both countries have an attached border area. By being neighbours both countries are in the limelight due to the war condition or their political speeches. People are curious to know about the Military power of these countries.

If you are one of those who are looking for India vs China Power Comparison then you are at the right place. Here we will discuss every important point about the Indian vs China Power Comparison. Although to understand the power of any country we have to go deep about the country and their culture. Let’s have a look at the same.

India Vs China Power Comparison

India vs China

If we talk about the total area of both countries, then India has an area of 3,387,590 km² with land boundaries of 13,888km and coastlines of 7,000 km in opposite China has an area of 9,596,961km² including a land boundary of 22,457 km and a coastline of 14,500 km. The population index of India is more than China at this time. The total population of India is 1.4286 billion while the population of China is 1.4257 billion.

The Indian Forces are mainly focused on China and Pakistan. After its Independence India fought many wars against Pakistan and one war against China in 1962. The region on the border of the Himalayas triggered the Indo-China war. China has a military force called The People’s Liberation Army, which uses a mix of older and modern systems which is heavily influenced by technology from other countries.

China is considered the most powerful military force globally according to a study compared military strength using factors like the number of personnel, air, sea, land, and nuclear resources, average salaries, and equipment weight.

India Vs China Budget Comparison

The finance minister of India, Nirmala Sitharaman, revealed that India’s defence budget will be increased by 9.78%, reaching about 70.6 billion dollars. However, China’s budget is 229.5 billion dollars which is three times higher than India’s. This significant difference allows China to have more military resources. China has 5250 tanks while India has only 4614, and China has 4,120 self-propelled artillery while India has only 100.

China has a much larger population and resources than India, ranging from 2 to 10 times more. However, Indian soldiers are more experienced in fighting at high altitudes. The border between India and China is in the Himalayan Mountains, where Chinese soldiers may struggle with survival and combat. India has special troops with unique abilities to handle risky mountain missions effectively.

India vs China Army Comparison

The Comparison of the Indian vs China Army can be made only if we have complete knowledge of the Army’s Strength, number of armour, fighting vehicles, artillery, and all. Here we provide a detailed comparison of the India vs China Army Comparison.

Power China India
Active Personnel 2,185,000 1,455,550
Reserve Personnel 8,000,000 1,155,000
Available for Military 385,821,101 319,129,420
Tanks 5,750 4,614
Self-propelled artillery 2,720 100
Armoured fighting vehicles 14,130 8,600
Rocket artillery 3,140 960
Total artillery 7,094 2,799

India Vs China Artillery

Armoured Fighting Vehicles
India China
Name Total Number Name Total Number
BMP-2 Sarath 2500 ZBD-04 ZBD-04A 2300
Aditya MPV 970 ZBL-08 2000
Casspir 255 ZSD-89-II (type 89) 1500
Type 63 950
Type 86 1000
ZSL-92/B 1150
Type 86A 1250
ZTL-11 950
ZBD-05 600
ZSD-05 (Type 05) 500
ZSL-10 (Type 08) 500
PTL-02 250
PTZ-89 230
ZSL-92A WZ-551 700
ZTD-05 (Type 05) 250
Self-propelled guns
K9 VAJRA-T 100 PLZ-89 500
PLL-09 350
PCL-161 300
PCL-181 200
PCL-171 100
PLZ-07A/B 500
PLZ-05 (Type 05) 320
PCL-09 300
PLZ-82/83 150
Rocket artillery
Smerch 9K58 372 Type 63 1570
Pinaka Mark1 280 PHZ-89 375
BM-21 240 PHL03 175
Pinaka Mark 2 68 PHL-16 20
PHL-81/90 550
PHL-11 350
PHZ-11 100

In 1962, India and China had a war where their armies fought against each other. India didn’t anticipate the attack from China, but it happened anyway. India’s army was not ready, and they had only about 15,000 to 20,000 soldiers, while China have 80,000 soldiers in the army. Eventually, Russia got involved, and because of that, China declared a cease-fire after one month of the war’s beginning.

India Vs China Air Force Comparison

The Air Force plays a crucial role in a country’s defence system and reflects the country’s strength. So, we must discuss it to understand a country’s power. Here we will provide complete details about the number of different types of aircraft, giving you insights into the air power of both countries.

Manpower China India
Total aircraft 4,630 2,263
Helicopters 1,355 729
Fighter aircraft 1,049 173
UCAV (combat drone) 151 12
Attack aircraft 120 120
Multirole aircraft 1,130 405

India Vs China Aircraft

Fighter Aircraft
India China
Name Total Number Name Total Number
MiG-21 107 Shenyang J-11 442
MiG-29 66 Chengdu J-7 388
Su-30MKK 121
Shenyang J-8 96
Shenyang FC-31 2
Multirole Aircraft
Sukhoi Su-30MKI 272 Chengdu J-10 492
Dassault Mirage 2000 49 Xian JH-7 240
MiG-29K 36 Shenyang J-16 200
Dassault Rafale 26 Chengdu J-20 150
HAL Tejas 22 Sukhoi Su-35S 24
Kamov Ka-27 14 Shenyang J-15 24
Attack Aircraft
SEPECAT Jaguar 120 Xian H-6 120
Mil Mi-8/17 223 Harbin Z-9 314
HAL Dhruv 130 Mil Mi-8/17 302
HAL Chetak 129 Changhe Z-8 163
HAL Dhruv 109 CAIC WZ-10 150
HAL Rudra 91 Harbin Z-19 120
HAL Cheetah 52 Eurocopter EC120 Colibri 93
Westland Sea King 31 Eurocopter AS350 53
Boeing AH-64 22 Changhe Z-11 46
Mil Mi-24 15 Harbin Z-20 24
CH-47 Chinook 15 Sikorsky S-70 19
SH-3 Sea King 6 Kamov Ka-28 17
Mil Mi-26 3 Aérospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon 13
HAL LCH 2 Kamov Ka-319 9
SH-60 Seahawk 2 Aérospatiale Gazelle 8
Changhe Z-18 8
Changhe Z-8L 6
Eurocopter AS565 Panther 6
Mil Mi-26 4
IAI Eitan 10 CAIG Wing Loong II 75
MQ-9 Reaper 2 CAIG Wing Loong 60
Guizhou Soar Dragon 16

India Vs China Air Force Strength

We all know that the Indian Air Force is the fourth largest air force in the world, coming after the Chinese Air Force. This means that China has a higher rank. China has more than 2,000 aircraft which is twice of India as India has only 900 combat aircraft.

However, Indian pilots are experts in high-altitude combat missions. The Chinese Air Force has advanced long-range strategic bombers and better strategic aids, like fighting drones and airborne alert and control system (AWACS) aircraft.

The Indian Air Force has excellent geographical support compared to other countries. They strategically place their aircraft along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), ensuring strong support. India’s transport aircraft supply equipment to help the Indian Army in high-altitude regions.

The Indian Air Force also possesses Rafale, a 4.5-generation aircraft, considered one of the best in the world. On the other hand, China has introduced a 5th generation aircraft called the J-20.”

India Vs China Navy Comparison

In June 2019, a report compared the Navies of India and China. India’s Navy had over 67,000 active personnel, with 10,000 officers and the rest being sailors. On the other hand, China’s Navy had around 235,000 active personnel, including 20,000 marines.

The People’s Liberation Army Navy had seven nuclear ballistic missile submarines, twelve nuclear attack submarines, and fifty diesel attack submarines.

Manpower China India
Total naval 742 267
Destroyers 38 11
Corvettes 73 23
Aircraft carriers 4 1
Frigates 54 13
Submarines 74 16

India Vs China Navy Ships And Submarines

Aircraft carriers
India China
Name Total Number Name Total Number
Kiev class 1 Type 075 landing helicopter dock 2
Type 002 1
Type 001 1
Rajput class 5 Type 052D Luyang III class 18
Delhi class 3 Sovremenny-class 4
Kolkata class 3 Type 051C Luzhou class 2
Type 052 Luhu class 2
Type 052C Luyang II class 6
Type 055 Renhai class 3
Type 052B Luyang I class 2
Type 051B Luhai class 1
Talwar class 6 Type 054A Jiangkai II class 30
Brahmaputra class 3 Jianghu class 5
Shivalik class 3 Type 053H3 Jiangwei II class 7
Godavari class 1 Type 054 Jiangkai I class 2
Veer class 8 Jiangdao class 73
Kora class 4
Abhay class 3
Kamorta class 4
Khukri class 4
Sindhughosh 8 Type 039A/039B Yuan class 18
Kalvari class 3 Type 039/039G/039G1 Song class 12
Shishumar 4 Type 094 / 094A 6
Arihant class 1 Type 091 3
Type 035 Ming class 14
Kilo 12
Type 093 / 093A Shang class 6
Type 092 1
Type 032 Qing class 1
Type 095 1

Both countries have several nuclear ships and submarines. However, they have agreed not to use nuclear weapons first in case of war, following a policy called ‘no-first use.’ The Chinese Navy has a large fleet of submarines in the sea, including six 2nd-generation nuclear-powered submarines. On the other hand, India has only one nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, called INS Arihant.

India Vs China Navy Strength

In recent times, China and India have been competing more fiercely in the Indo-Pacific region, making it a crucial topic for both countries. China aims to gain access to strategic ports for economic and strategic advantages, while India is increasingly seen as a guardian of the global order in the region. India plays a significant role in safeguarding open sea routes and ensuring freedom of navigation.

  • In terms of the total number of warships, China’s navy is much larger than India’s. However, India has recently become a significant challenge for China’s capital, Beijing.
  • Admiral Mike Gilday, the US Chief of Naval Operations, has stated that India will be an important partner for the United States in dealing with China. This statement comes at a time when US strategists and a Japanese newspaper are considering the possibility of border conflicts between India and China in the Himalayas posing a two-front challenge for Beijing.
  • According to the World Directory of Modern Military Warships (2022), China ranks second after the United States on the Global Naval Powers Ranking 2022, while India ranks 7th.

The Chinese navy is growing faster than other strong navies and is modernizing itself. There might be challenges ahead, like China’s ageing population and increasing costs of maintaining existing assets, but progress is expected to continue.

The Indian Navy believes that by improving submarine operations, enhancing mine-countermeasures capabilities, and upgrading its transportation and air units, it can work more effectively with the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, the Republic of Korea Navy, and the Royal Australian Navy while competing with China.

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